In Cuba, the Spanish dances, music, and culture converged with the African slave rhythms to create new styles and rhythms. Rumba was one of the dances to emerge in the 1800s from this convergence. The Son, the popular dance of middle class Cuba, is a modified, slower, and more refined version of the native Rumba. The American Rumba (officially established in 1955) is a modified version of the Son.
Dancers produce a very subtle tilting of the hips by alternately bending and straightening the knees. This Cuban Motion gives Rumba its sensual look and romantic feel. Like all Latin dances, toes should be slightly turned out maintaining continuous contact with the floor through slight pressure. Stretch out your movement on the slow counts to two full beats and take small steps. This is one of four dances to use the ballroom box, the others being Foxtrot, Waltz, and Samba.