Samba was introduced to the U.S. in the late 1920s via the Broadway play, Street Carnival, and more widely exposed through films. Its popularity and the popularity of Latin music in America in general grew in the 1940s. By 1956 Samba had evolved into a standardized ballroom dance in the U.S.. In Brazil, however, Samba remains a solo form, danced at street festivals and other celebrations with nationalistic pride.
Ballroom Samba is an upbeat and lively dance that progresses counter-clockwise around the floor. It is most characterized by its bounce and rolling hip action, and its unique syncopated timing. Emphasize this timing (1 a 2) by giving count 1 an extra 3/4 of a beat before dancing 'a'. Samba is one of four dances whose basic step is based on the “box” (The other three are: American style Waltz, Foxtrot, and Rumba).